If there are problems with the man’s sperm or a single woman or lesbian couple want to have a child, donor sperm will be needed.
During the process of intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF), donor sperm can also be used to achieve pregnancy. This is something to consider if you are in any of the following situations:
- Male-factor infertility – If it is discovered that the sperm from the male partner has abnormalities or is not present at all, donor sperm may be needed for pregnancy. However, it’s also possible that a treatment called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can result in conception. ICSI involves an embryologist using a powerful microscope to pick up a single sperm in a thin needle and inject it directly into the cytoplasm of the egg. The resulting embryo(s) then grow as in the normal IVF process and are inserted into the uterus at the appropriate time. This might allow men who have experienced infertility to still have biological children.
- Genetic abnormalities – Donor sperm may be used if the male partner is aware of a genetic abnormality and does not want to take the risk of passing it on to his child.
- Lesbian couples or single women – For same-sex couples, donor sperm maybe used to enable one or both partners to experience pregnancy. To have a more closely biologically related family, the same donor can be used for several pregnancies; however, different donors for each child can be used as well.
Donor Sperm Banks
At Providence Fertility Center we have worked with several large national sperm banks that offer a wide variety of options from which to choose. All potential donors must go through an intense screening process that includes a physical exam, full medical and family history, genetic evaluation, and a screening for infectious diseases.
Each donor’s profile includes the donor’s background information and physical description, which is available to you. The sperm undergoes extensive testing to ensure no diseases are present, and is then washed and prepared before its use to increase the likelihood of positive results. We pride ourselves on the extreme care taken to ensure a positive and safe outcome.